What is Robotic Surgery?

Applied Tech Review | Saturday, September 03, 2022

Robotic-assisted surgery gets its name from the robot, which acts as a tool and may get thought of as a type of helper to the surgeon.

Fremont, CA: Robotic surgery, often called robotic-assisted surgery, is among the most innovative medical innovations.

Today's most popular technology uses a camera and tiny surgical instruments linked to robotic arms. A specially trained surgeon operates the robotic arms from a viewing screen, often located within the same room as the operating table. However, since the viewing screen may get placed far away, telesurgery might be carried out by surgeons in distant locales. The screen is a component of a device known as a console that enables surgeons to operate on patients while sitting down and seeing a magnified, three-dimensional image of the surgical site. Contrary to popular belief, robotic surgery gets not carried out by machines. Instead, the surgeon controls the robotic arms at all times. Robotic-assisted surgery gets its name from the robot, which acts as a tool and may get thought of as a type of helper to the surgeon.

The precision, imaging capabilities, range of motion, and other aspects of modern robotic surgical technology have all significantly improved. Numerous surgical disciplines, including neurosurgery (including the brain, spinal column, and peripheral nerves), heart and lung operations, ear and throat surgeries, and others, have adopted the current robotic technology.

What Is Minimally Invasive Surgery?

A minimally invasive surgical approach is helpful during robotic-assisted surgery. This implies that the robotic arms access extremely small incisions (often approximately 1 to 2 centimeters) to insert very small instruments, supervised by the physician, rather than making a huge incision to expose the surgical site and execute surgical operations.

An endoscope can help perform minimally invasive non-robotic surgery, often known as endoscopic or laparoscopic surgery (a narrow tube with a camera inserted through small incisions or a natural opening such as the mouth or nose). However, in non-robotic endoscopic surgery, the surgeon views the surgical site on a computer display and directly controls the tiny tools via a channel (instead of operating the robotic arms).

The degree of tool manipulation is one key distinction between conventional laparoscopic and robotic-assisted surgery. This is because robotic technology allows for a greater range of motion and increased dexterity of movement.

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