The Role of Technology in Protecting the Environment

Rachel Smith, Applied Technology Review | Wednesday, February 17, 2021

Technology helps protect the environment as it can eliminate waste and reduce the dependence on pesticides. 

FREMONT, CA: When it comes to discussing the world's most urgent issues, global poverty, rapid deforestation, melting ice, and an imminent new coronavirus disaster are the tip of an iceberg. While economists and environmentalists are occupied considering the effects of the world's population, researchers and engineers worldwide are busy seeking measures to minimize carbon footprints and the number of greenhouse gases in the air.

Technological developments have supported many businesses to rebound from the recession, decrease disguised unemployment, and boost life quality. When used to tackle climate change, technology will help to help future generations by:

Artificial Intelligence: AI influences agricultural practices and will soon change how agriculture is carried out in developed nations, reducing the dependency on pesticides and significantly decreasing water consumption. AI would make it possible for autonomous vehicles to navigate more effectively, reducing air pollution. Material scientists deploy AI to build biodegradable plastic substitutes and implement skills to clean the oceans that receive some eight million metric tons of plastics annually.

Eliminating waste: Innovation is now helping to eradicate food wastage, seeking to keep it out of landfills by tracking it from the farmland to the table at all stages. With up to 33 percent of the world's food supplies exhausted, data analysis will drastically decrease this figure to help minimize it.

By interacting with supermarkets and cafés to lead surplus food products to individuals who need them the most, data collection and analysis will support the noble cause. Advances in biofuel digesters are bringing food waste into use for energy production. Smart refrigeration inside the homes helps families track their food waste, including updating them of expiry dates, some of which also provide ways to use expired food.

Sensors: Air and water quality, identifying toxins, following fermentation, and catching continuous information on items that are essential to the social and economic success is monitored by distributed sensors. Wearable air quality sensors are on the way, and restricted sensor networks help reduce waste by observing energy and water use in buildings. The further development of these sensors will dramatically change the way people live.

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