The Many Uses of Geographic Information Systems

Applied Tech Review | Wednesday, August 04, 2021

GIS analyses and provides data for various purposes ranging from transport optimization to environmental analysis.

Fremont, CA: Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is a technological system that gathers, maps, and analyses geographically referenced data using locational and tabular data, computer hardware, and software. By constructing maps and scenes, GIS helps users to organize, visualize, and evaluate diverse levels of data. With the ability to clearly visualize different data types, GIS enables users to uncover patterns, understand trends, monitor changes, and respond to events—facilitating better decision-making. It has a wide range of applications in industries like supply chain management, insurance, forestry, urban planning, and many others.

Following are the uses of GIS:

GIS mapping

You've probably come across a GIS mapping solution if you've ever used Apple Maps or Google Maps. Cities and municipalities utilize GIS mapping for things like viewing assets in the field and making informed decisions and being used in everyday life by the general public.

Urban planning

Data from GIS makes urban planning more manageable than ever before. It allows users to study urban areas for planning, expansion, and development while keeping in mind crucial factors that must be taken into account to be successful.

Transportation optimization

Issues with public transit are common in cities. You may have experienced some of these challenges if you live in a city with public transportation. GIS is a tool that is frequently used to manage transportation challenges. Transportation businesses can also develop and optimize routes and rails using environmental and current data.

Environmental Analysis

GIS also allows for effective environmental study (as well as human impact), providing insight into crucial ecological challenges such as climate change and deforestation. It is hard to establish what steps are required to mitigate or reduce the harm without a thorough grasp of our ecosystem and the issues that plague it.

Natural Resource Management

Aside from doing our best to conserve the environment, it's also important to be aware of our natural resources and manage them effectively, which GIS data may help with. GIS mapping can reveal information on the distribution of water and other significant natural resource areas.

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