How Global Positioning Systems and Remote Sensing Help Improve Defense and Security

Applied Tech Review | Tuesday, September 14, 2021

Geospatial technologies' development in the realm of defense and security is predicted to increase the efficiency of defense intelligence agencies and strengthen the armed forces' capabilities over time.

FREMONT, CA: The demand for geospatial technologies' services has expanded dramatically over time, particularly in utilities, transportation, defense & intelligence, and infrastructure development. Geospatial technology includes Remote Sensing, Global Positioning Systems, and Geographic Information Systems. Companies in the geospatial technology industry provide satellite imaging, aerial survey mapping, and satellite data. This technology collects data about the Earth's surface for analysis and display. Growing sensor technology has created new opportunities for geographic data collection. Smaller versions of existing systems, such as mini-satellites and drones, equipped with various sensors, allow experts to obtain previously impossible data. Geospatial technology is transforming space missions, creating, launching, and maintaining satellites used to be costly. But with the introduction of tiny satellites and CubeSats, geospatial missions are becoming more affordable.

The way wars are fought nowadays has changed dramatically with the advancement of military technology. Today's defensive forces must be prepared for insurgency tactics, modern weaponry, and growing virtual warfare, making information gathering for movement prediction and prevention as critical as on-the-ground operations. Predict, monitor, and counter threats with geospatial technologies such as Global Positioning Systems that assist field operations planning. Remote sensing uses high-resolution satellites, drones, and other sensors to collect data from the Earth. This facilitates data sharing between law enforcement and intelligence organizations in pre, during, and post-war scenarios. Improving emergency response times requires real-time imagery and insights, especially in high-risk zones like national borders. The value of situational awareness has been recognized by defense officials worldwide. Geospatial data can enhance border security operations by providing exact situational awareness information, lowering risks, and boosting national security.

The issues with geographical data include processing and analysis. These challenges can be quickly resolved, and rich geospatial data can be successfully utilized by applying AI and machine learning technology (ML).  Global Positioning System is critical for defense forces to understand battlespace situational awareness. As intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) platforms and sensors become more digital, the need for Artificial Intelligence, Big Data, and Machine Learning capabilities to collect, store, and analyze data has increased.

AI and ML can analyze photos and videos faster and more accurately than humans.  For instance, Project Maven, an AI-powered investigative system for unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), uses a TensorFlow-based platform to prepare predictive analytics on drone data.

Geospatial technologies can help enhance the defense and security forces by providing real-time imagery and insights into the afflicted areas. Using Big Data and AI with geospatial technology improves data usability.

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