Distinctions Between Industrial IoT and IoT

Applied Tech Review | Monday, January 16, 2023

Industrial IoT varies from typical IoT is essential when designing, installing, or running these systems.

FREMONT, CA: The industrial IoT notion predates the concept of the Internet of Things. However, how gadgets operate in a smart home or workplace differs greatly from how they operate in an industrial setting, such as, for instance, in the assembly line of an intelligent car. Statista predicts 29.4 billion IoT devices will be worldwide by 2030. Accordingly, there will be more than three devices for each individual in the world at present.

Consumers are not the largest group of IoT device users in terms of proportion. The major sectors of the energy, water, industry, government, transportation, and natural resources industries use countless gadgets.


IIoT is a system of systems powered by AI that can curate, manage, and analyse data throughout an industrial process. The system comprises machinery, sensors, and other interconnected, real-time systems and devices. When machine learning and AI applications are used to harness the data produced by connected IIoT infrastructure components, industries may improve productivity, learn from failures, and much more.

Machine-to-machine communication is used by IIoT networks to speak between devices. Additionally, these devices routinely send and receive data to and from a centralised system that unifies and controls all IIoT devices. The main system might run in data centres, on edge, or in the cloud. Near-field communication (NFC), Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE), Wi-Fi, and 5G are typically used to connect IIoT devices. The advantages of IIoT include more effective machinery, cleverer administration, and improved worker security. Industrial operations can be made safer for employees by automating them, which also lowers labour costs and improves productivity.


The Internet of Things (IoT) is a term used to refer to a network of physical things that have sensors, software, and other technologies built in. This network's main goal is to connect to other internet systems and devices and exchange data with them. Different IoT devices exist: They could be complex industrial tools or home appliances.

IIoT and IoT have certain things in common. Users use a single platform to manage connected and communicating systems and devices. IoT also makes use of edge and cloud computing, as well as analytical features. Their intended usage distinguishes them most from one another. The IoT's end users are consumers, businesses, and other workplaces like the healthcare industry.

IoT aims to integrate systems for better accessibility and automate a variety of formerly manual operations. For instance, people can control all of their smart devices in their homes by utilising a voice-activated smartphone or central hub. IoT settings are made to be simpler, smarter, and more open to everyone.

Differences between IoT and IIoT

IIoT can be viewed as an IoT with much improved capabilities. It's crucial to comprehend the distinctions between the two, especially if they perform in fields or settings that demand a lot of machine collaboration, cooperation, and connectivity.

The End-use

The end user is the primary distinction, as was already mentioned. In both situations, the capabilities and functionality of the devices and network are determined by the end user. In offices, buildings, houses, and other places of business, IoT is built and used. Although health IoT can be very sophisticated, it is still true that it is more closely tied to consumers than industrial equipment. In comparison, the scale of the IIoT end user is greater. Different instruments, integrated systems, and networks are needed for industrial work.

Machine learning and AI: Optimising Operations

The way both groups employ AI and machine learning is another significant difference. Applications powered by analytics and AI will be used by home and business IoT devices. They do not, however, utilise data to the same extent as IIoT.

For instance, IIoT-enabled companies can use AI algorithms to analyse the data each device produces and modify the unique procedures for each unit to boost output. IIoT systems can therefore learn and improve their efficiency. Consumer-facing IoT solutions do not use these advanced analytics. IIoT AI systems can automate a variety of tasks, including security, redundancy, and maintenance.

Power, Performance, and Durability

Although IIoT systems and devices vary in size, they are all made to withstand harsh environments. Industrial industries need to withstand extreme heat and cold, as well as weather, water, dust, friction, and extended life cycles. IIoT is more enduring and resilient than IoT gadgets and networks. Additionally, they are made to be fixed and maintained. Furthermore, IIoT performance is high; thus, it is necessary to build both software and hardware suitably.

Durability is crucial for IIoT systems because they are made for mission-critical procedures. Industries cannot afford system outages or disruptions. Backup solutions are typically built as backup plans in case an IIoT infrastructure component fails or needs maintenance.

Precision, Scalability, Data Flow, and Connectivity

Industries that use robotics, sensors, and systems need degrees of precision above and beyond what domestic IoT devices can provide. IIoT also requires scalability. Enterprises can have hundreds or thousands of devices linked to a network, whereas work or home contexts may only connect a few dozen. As a result, industries need to be able to expand their IIoT systems if demand rises.

Additionally, compared to other IoT domains, the volume of data generated in IIoT infrastructures is significantly higher. The IIoT presents a special set of difficulties in real-time data transport and data security. Similar to how private 5G networks are becoming the new standard, industries typically employ private networks to manage their data flows.

To use big data from IIoT to optimise operations, all of the data must be combined and analysed. Top suppliers specifically create the main software and platforms utilised in IIoT for industrial applications. Big data from devices, employees, communications, and outside elements like supply chains, partners, or market changes can all be managed by them. Once the elements have been calculated and analysed, these systems use AI to automatically alter processes without any human involvement.

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